Age Related Macular Degeneration

What is DMAE?

AMD or Macular Degeneration Associated with Age is a degenerative disease of the central area of ​​the retina, or macula, which causes a progressive deterioration of the cells and the pigment epithelium of the retina. As a result, a loss of central vision occurs.

There are two types:

The dry AMD. It affects 80% of patients and is characterized by a slow and progressive evolution. The deposits that accumulate in the area atrophy the macula and cause the patient to slowly lose vision in the central area of ​​his visual field
The wet AMD. It is characterized by the growth of new blood vessels with very thin walls, which end up filtering fluids and blood to the macula. Vision loss is rapid.

Why is it produced?

AMD is a degenerative disease that is caused by the aging of the central area of ​​the retina.

The main risk factors are:

The tobacco
The genetic predisposition
The hypertension